Selective perception theory serves as the basis for the effectiveness of placebos. It is based on the idea that humans will act based on the beliefs they have, even if the beliefs are false. This theory is an important part of Organizational Behavior.
Meaning of Selective Perception
Selective perception means in case any event happens or any instruction given to a human or in communication process the human mind will select and perceive only those things which is related to their need, background, interest, experience and other personal characteristics.
The theory states that human mind will receive or accept only that information which it feels that it is relevant. It is the tendency of people to perceive what they expect to perceive.
Selective perception is one of the factors which create certain issues in organization like:-
In a crucial communication process in an organization if the employee perceives only selected information then the intended meaning of the communication is distorted and some other information will be perceived.
When some information is passed to the employees people will generally avoid new ideas if they are contrasting to their existing believes.
When a job instruction is given to an employee by the supervisor his attention towards that idea would be depend on the perception of the employee towards the supervisor i.e. If he respects him, he will take the instruction to top priority and follow it else he will be least bothered to that instruction.