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8 Types of Groups in Organisational Behaviour

The types of groups in organisational behaviour and management can be classified in different ways on a various basis like Size, formation, relationship, purpose, process, membership etc. It can also be said that a single group can be segregated in more than one type. For example – A family can be classified as primary group and also as IN groups.

Below are 8 Types Of Groups In Organisational Behaviour or management.

Some major types of groups are discussed here

  1. Primary Secondary
  2. Membership reference
  3. IN Out
  4. Interest friendship
  5. Open closed
  6. Formal Informal
  7. Temporary Permanent
  8. Nominal Non-Performing

Primary & secondary types of group

Primary groups are the groups were in members have regular face to face interactions. Members in the group have a close interpersonal relationship. Family is the best example for the Primary group. In the case of the organization, the Quality circle is the best example.

Secondary Groups are such groups were members come together to earn money and transact goods and services.
the emotions love anger disappointment can be shared in the primary group whereas in a secondary group it is restrained

Membership & Reference

Membership groups are the group which requires formal registration and members need to obtain card or certificate. AIMA All India Management Association is an example of a membership group.

Reference groups are such groups by which the individual wants to identify himself as a member or to which group he wants to belong. Family is an example of a Reference group.

To be simple membership groups are which the individual actually belongs and reference groups are which the individual wants to belong

IN and OUT types of groups

In group is the group in which individuals hold powerful values and it plays a vital role in social functioning example Family, service organisation etc…

OUT groups are the groups which do not share any social value.

In another dimension In group is in which the individual is a member and out-group is in which he is not a member. And the members of in-group have enmity wit the outgroup

Interest and friendship Group

Interest groups are formed by individuals who have a common interest in achieving a particular task eg. Group coordinating any social gathering.

Friendship group is formed by members having one or more common features. Generally, people speaking the same language, belonging to the same place will become a part of a friendship group.

Open & closed Types of Groups

An open group is such group were in the membership is keep on changing that is any new member can join and existing member can leave the group. As the members are kept on changing the group will get new ideas and the same time perspective is limited to the near future.

A closed group are a group where the membership is closed it can be said as constant.

Temporary & Permanent Group

Temporary groups are formed for a particular purpose. When the task for which the group is formed is completed the group will be separated.

A permanent group are a group which is not task-based. Which will keep on go

Nominal & Non-Performing Group

The nominal group are groups which have problems to be solved tasks are undertaken by members. Have a structured way of performing. Suggestions of members will be taken in a written format.

A non-Performing group are a group which is only on paper are for show purpose. Which will not have any specific function to perform

Formal & Informal Types of Groups

Formal Groups are such groups which are formed generally by the organisation. There exist a structure and hierarchy among the members. These formal groups are formed basically from the organisational chart itself.

Command group and task group are examples of Formal groups

Informal type Groups

Informal groups are formed by the people voluntarily based on their interest. When people with similar interest within the organisation come together and form a group is called an informal group.

There won’t be any structure for such groups. Generally, people from this group for their social need within the organisation.